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01/03/14 - BBC News - Cubans can now buy new and used cars freely 

Cubans are now able to buy modern cars freely for the first time since the
revolution in 1959.

Previously, Cubans had to get a government permit to buy new vehicles.
That requirement has now been abolished but only a minority will benefit.

The state has a monopoly on new car sales and is marking up prices by 400%
or more.

Freeing up car sales is the latest in a series of reforms in Communist-run
Cuba.

Until new regulations in 2011, people could only sell cars built before the
1959 revolution.

For new cars, people needed a much-sought government permit - a privilege
mainly bestowed on senior officials, top athletes and artists.

Permits were often traded on the black market for large sums of cash.

Now, Cubans will no longer need the government's approval to buy new cars
from state-owned sellers.

But prices remain out of reach for many.

The BBC's Sarah Rainsford, in Havana, says a new Peugeot 508 estate at a
showroom in the Cuban capital is on sale for an extraordinary $262,000
(£160,000).

That is eight times more than what it would cost in Britain, for example.

And used cars are not much cheaper. Our correspondent says a five-year-old
Peugeot 206 is priced at $85,000 (£52,000).

The vast majority of people in Cuba earn a state wage of around $20 (£12)
per month.

The government says some of the profits from sales will go towards
developing Cuba's decrepit public transport system.

'Freed up'

Following reforms adopted two years ago, Cubans could buy and sell used
cars from each other, but had still to request authorisation from the
government to purchase a new vehicle or a second-hand one from
state-controlled retailers.

Priority for the permits was given to people "in positions of benefit to
the government", such as doctors and diplomats.

>From Friday, new regulations came into force allowing "the retail sale of
new and used motorcycles, cars, vans, small trucks and mini buses for
Cubans and foreign residents, companies and diplomats".

People who already have permits are expected to be given priority, however.
And buyers will still need to purchase vehicles through state retailers.

Cubans and foreigners will not be able to import their own cars.

The move is part of a series of reforms driven by President Raul Castro
aimed at updating the Cuban economic model.

Raul Castro has championed limited free-market reforms since taking the
reins of power from his brother Fidel in 2008.


Original Source / Fuente Original:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-25595674


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