12/15/13 - Tbo.com - Tampa man lived history between US, Cuba
TAMPA - There was a time when his neighbors celebrated the support Abelardo
Arteaga gave to the Cuba of the Castro brothers. Fifty-five years ago
this Jan. 1, Cubans in Ybor City and West Tampa danced in the street when
the Cuban revolution declared victory.
Much has changed since that day in 1959. Cuba embraced Communism. The
Soviet Union fell. Fidel Castro relinquished power to his brother Raul.
Eleven U.S. presidents tilted against the Castros. Today, Congress debates
what to do next with Cuba.
Yet through it all, Arteaga, a Tampa native, has never wavered in his
support of the island nation.
At 91, Arteaga is the elder statesman among those in Tampa who would
eliminate the trade and travel embargo imposed by the U.S. He has
challenged it from the beginning. He has sparred with those who note that
the revolution brought its own oppression, against people who speak in
Arteaga has donated food, clothing and medical supplies. He purchased a bus
with a wheelchair for a retirement home in Cuba.
His efforts have drawn attention.
Cuba honored Arteaga in 2007 at its Cuban Interests Section in Washington,
D.C., with an honorary citizenship, complete with a Cuban passport to make
Some pro-embargo activists have challenged Arteaga over the years. The
interior of his home has been splashed with red paint. He has been called
names. He even left the U.S. temporarily and sought refuge in Cuba.
But he said those who have sought to silence him have failed.
"I'm not a bad person," he says, "I only want to help Cuba. I do it
peacefully. I have never hurt anyone."
"He is my hero," said Maura Barrios, an academic advisor for USF's
Department of History and friend of Arteaga's who has worked alongside him
in sending aid to Cuba. "He has been through a lot but has never stopped
fighting for what he believes in."
Arteaga is spry for his age, mentally and physically. He strides around the
house rather than shuffles. He can talk for hours without struggling for
breath. And he still gets a schoolboy's glimmer in his eye when his wife,
Consuelo, enters the room.
"Sometimes it is better to watch her walk away," he said with a chuckle.
His hair and pencil-thin mustache have been bleached white by age, his body
frailer than in photos from yesteryear.
He mostly shows his years in his stories.
His parents were drawn to Tampa from Cuba during the advent of this city's
cigar industry in the late 1800s. He was born in Tampa during a time when
indoor plumbing and electricity were a privilege his family did not have.
The Great Depression was a reality for him, not a chapter in a school book.
The same is true of Tampa's moonshine era.
"My father was arrested for it quite a few times," he said.
His father was also part of Tampa's original band of Cuban freedom
Thomas Arteaga saw Cuba's famed poet and revolutionary leader Jose Marti
during his visits to Tampa, heard his voice, and was inspired by his
message that Cubans around the world needed to unite to overthrow their
nation's colonial ruler, Spain.
Arteaga has heard whispers that his father fought briefly in the Cuban War
of Independence, but he has no proof. He is certain his father supported
the war in other ways. He donated a share of his weekly cigar-roller
earnings to Marti, as did many Tampa Cubans in those days - and he built
homemade bombs for the war.
They were crude, Arteaga said - nails and other dangerous items glued to
"I hate war," Arteaga said after telling the story. "I don't think violence
is ever the answer. Unfortunately, I have seen many occur in the world in
He has also seen his share of corruption.
When he was 7, during the Depression when work grew scarce, Arteaga's
family relocated to Cuba to live with relatives. He quickly learned Cuba
may have won freedom from Spain but was still ruled by tyrants.
His sister needed medical treatment. He doesn't remember what for. But
he'll never forget the price - her voting card.
This was typical in pre-Castro Cuba, Arteaga said. Hospitals would barter
services for voting cards to turn them over to the right politician at
election time. The hospital got favors in return.
"I thought that was how life was," Arteaga said. "I thought Cuba would
never be free or have a leader who cared about it. Fidel never accepted
The New Year's Eve celebrations in Ybor City and West Tampa paled in
comparison to the party held the following morning on Jan. 1, 1959, when
word of Castro's victory swept the city. An impromptu parade connected the
two Latin communities.
Deposed President Fulgencio Batista was a vicious tyrant, Arteaga said, and
Castro reminded many Cubans of Marti. During the revolution, Castro
promised to return Cuba to its people.
Arteaga had never been involved in politics before that New Year's Day. He
was focused on himself, he said.
He moved to New York City from Cuba in the 1940s, married, had children and
established a career as an upholsterer. When he returned to Tampa in the
1950s, the Cuban population buzzed about the revolution, but he paid it
The victory celebration was so grand, however, it inspired Arteaga to
follow in his father's footsteps.
Castro has long claimed Batista and his henchmen looted hundreds of
millions of dollars from Cuba's treasury, leaving just $70 million with
which to run the country. For the new government to survive, it needed
Arteaga joined Tampa's Patriotic Movement for Aid to the Cuban Farmers,
which preached that the agricultural industry was the backbone of Cuba's
future. To support it, the movement raised money and collected farming
items for Cuban farmers. It sent along a new tractor.
Then, diplomatic relations between Cuba and the U.S. grew cold and Castro
became a public enemy. Those in Tampa who once supported the Cuban leader
were treated the same.
The abuse was constant. If it wasn't threats of violence, it was red paint
attacks, curse words or visits by the FBI.
"I was questioned a few times," Arteaga said.
To this day he is confused by the treatment. The farmers needed aid to
produce food for the Cuban people. Why was it wrong to help, he wonders.
"Everybody in Tampa supported Fidel Castro and the revolution in the early
years," said USF's Barrios. "Then the revolution turned socialist and the
opinions of a lot of people abandoned that position. There was a lot of
repression and silencing of those who directly supported the Revolution.
The Arteaga family was unfortunately one of them."
Arteaga said he did not feel safe, so in 1961 relocated to Cuba.
His wife and daughters remained in Tampa, but were supposed to follow soon
after. He was hired as an upholsterer at a hotel in Havana. He purchased a
plot of land on which to build a home. But after a few months he had second
thoughts. He loved Cuba and wanted to support it, but he thought it would
be too difficult for his children to adjust to an alien nation still
searching for stability under a new government.
"It was the early years and very disorganized," he said. "My children come
He returned to Tampa in early 1962 and, according to Arteaga, marched into
the FBI office and told them to either charge him with a crime or leave him
alone. He said they chose the latter. He would never be silenced again.
Arteaga doesn't care if someone dislikes the Castro brothers or their form
of government. That is their opinion, he said, and everyone is free to have
What bothers Arteaga is when people allow that opinion to affect the people
of Cuba. Why should they suffer, he questioned, because of political
"I wanted to help them for many years," he said. "I just needed a way."
Pastors for Peace, a ministry that delivers humanitarian aide to Latin
American countries, became his tool.
Barrios said Arteaga was one the organization's most ardent Cuban
supporters in Tampa in the early years.
Not only would he raise money and donate his own money for the cause, but
he would personally travel to Cuba to make sure the goods made it safely.
Because direct travel from the U.S. to Cuba was illegal in the late 1980s,
he would do so through Mexico, a practice that broke federal law.
"The Treasury Department would threaten to throw me in jail or fine me for
going," he said. "I didn't let them scare me. I was doing what was right
and they never did anything to me."
The passport issued to him by the Cuban government solved that problem.
"The passport says I am a Cuban citizen born in Tampa," said Arteaga.
"That is exactly who I am. I have two countries I love."
Though healthy for his age, Arteaga said he knows that at 91 that can
He has one wish left.
"To see the embargo lifted," he said. "I don't know if it will happen, but
it should. It's not right."
Visible links 1.
Original Source / Fuente Original:
CUBA-L FAIR USE NOTICE
This server contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of Cuba's political, economic, human rights, international, cultural, educational, scientific, sports and historical issues, among others. We distribute the materials on the basis of a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107. The material is distributed without profit. The material should be used for information, research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/ uscode/17/107.shtml.